Are those who believe in mediums deluded? Maybe!
Delusional disorder refers to a condition associated with one or more non-bizarre delusions of thinking—such as expressing beliefs that occur in real life such as being poisoned, being stalked, being loved or deceived, or having an illness, provided no other symptoms of schizophrenia are exhibited.
Delusions may seem believable at face value, and patients may appear normal as long as an outsider does not touch upon their delusional themes. Mood episodes are relatively brief compared with the total duration of the delusional periods. Also, these delusions are not due to a medical condition or substance abuse.
As you read these types, think about the various people and groups in the USA that are clamoring for special attention. Think of those that continually accuse others of victimizing them despite the fact that they are pampered or cared for.
Themes of delusions may fall into the following types:
1. Erotomanic type (patient believes that a person, usually of higher social standing, is in love with the individual);
2. Grandiose type (patient believes that he has some great but unrecognized talent or insight, a special identity, knowledge, power, self-worth, or special relationship with someone famous or with God);
3. Jealous type (patient believes his partner has been unfaithful);
4. Mixed type (characteristics of more than one of the above types, but no one theme dominates); or unspecified type (patient's delusions do not fall in described categories
4. Persecutory type (patient believes he is being cheated, spied on, drugged, slandered, or somehow mistreated);
5. Somatic type (patient believes he is experiencing physical sensations or bodily dysfunctions—such as foul odors or insects crawling on or under the skin—or is suffering from a general medical condition or defect or has been trapped in a body not of their choosing.
Just because a person reports sincerely that he or she BELIEVES they are being persecuted by police, army, UFO Aliens or an abusive spouse does not mean the society must react and try to change its laws and activities.
If you carefully and closely investigate a claim and find it has no factual merit, the accuser may actually believe it is true but he or she could be deluded.
Several years ago I had a radio program on WAKW 93.3 in Cincinnati. I did a series about the deluded people who thought the brand image P&G used was actually a Satanic symbol. They insisted that the president of P&G went on national TV and admitted it.
I clearly then and now say that was totally wrong and delusional or an intentional lie. The radio station received mail accusing me of giving drugs to the kids at our church and demanding that my program be dropped. That adds paranoia and lies to delusions.
Far too often we get caught up in the delusional tales of people and believe their fantasies. This rewards their sickness and make us look very foolish.
Read my book Power Christian Thinking to look at what it means to "Renew the mind" according to Romans 12:1-2.